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15TH INTERNATIONAL COCOA RESEARCH CONFERENCE
SAN JOSÉ – COSTA RICA
From 9 - 14 OCTOBER 2006
ORGANISED BY THE COCOA PRODUCERS’ ALLIANCE
THEME: “COCOA PRODUCTIVITY, QUALITY, PROFITABILITY, HUMAN HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT”.
The development of this theme should lay emphasis on the following objectives:
SESSIONS: Conference sessions will cover the following subjects:
Authors should prepare an information summary of approximately 400 words, which should contain all essential information regarding objectives, materials and methods, results and conclusions, but excluding sectional headings, figures, graphs, tables and references. Type in single spacing on A4 sheet (210 mm x 297 mm) with a margin of 4 cm on the left side and 2 cm on all other sides. The font type recommended is Times New Roman size 12 The selection of papers to be delivered at the Conference will be based on these summaries
One copy of the summary should reach the Secretariat at the latest by 31 January 2006.
(b) Submission of Full Papers:
The Full Paper should be preceded by the information Summary submitted previously. The Full Text should follow the same spacing and margins as described for the summary on the previous page. The Full Text should not exceed 3,000words, including tables, figures and graphs. Each table, figure or graph is considered as being equivalent to the number of words, which could have been typed in an equivalent space. An invited paper should not exceed 9,000 words, including tables, figures and graphs.
A participant may present up to two papers as Sole Author or Senior Author. The name of the author could, however, appear as a contributor to other papers.
Figures and graphs must be in black ink, on white or faint blue graph paper or supplied as black and white photographs. Figures and graphs should be in the precise position in the text of the paper.
(The name and reference of the author and the subject should be indicated on the reverse side of figures, graphs or photographs.)
Colour photographs and slides will not appear in the Proceedings but can be used in presentation.
Authors should follow the format in “Guidelines to Contributors of Papers” (herewith).
Electronic Copy (On CD or diskette)
To facilitate the production of the proceedings on Hard Copy and on CD ROM, authors are hereby requested to submit their presentations by E.mail (attached) or on CD or diskettes.
The CD or diskettes label should clearly identify the name of the author and the title of the paper. To ensure uniformity in format use ‘Word for Windows’, letter size 12 and font Times New Roman. In the case of figures and tables use ‘Word’ or ‘Excel’.
The text and figures of the electronic copy should be identical to the hard copy.
(c) Oral Presentation:
The authors should therefore prepare in writing the text of their speech, selecting the main points of their paper and providing an explanation for tables, slides, etc. They should bring 8 copies of this speech to the Conference in order to facilitate interpretation services. The preparation of this Oral Presentation is essential to the success of the Conference. (Speakers: maximum 1,000 words; Invited Speakers: maximum 3,000 words.)
In order to ensure a hitch-free proceeding, the speakers and invited speakers will not exceed the 10 and 30 minutes allocated to them respectively.
(d) POSTER SESSIONS:
In addition to the oral sessions some of the papers may be presented in poster format (drawings, leaflets, samples, etc.). These poster sessions will correspond as closely as possible to the relevant Conference sessions. Authors should indicate if they prefer to have their papers included in the poster sessions, subject to their conformity with the standards defined in the Guidelines to Contributors.
DEADLINE FOR SUBMISSION:
A copy of the complete typescript of full papers and diskette should reach the Secretariat latest by 30 June 2006
The official languages of the Conference are English, French, Portuguese and Spanish. Simultaneous interpretation will be provided in these languages only.
Registration forms should be returned to the Secretariat on or before 1st September 2006 at the following address:
The Registration Fee does not include a copy of the Conference Proceedings, and is payable at Conference venue as follows:
Participants who are nationals of Member Countries of the Alliance - US$250.00
Participants from Non-Member Countries - US$350.00
This Fee covers the cost of lunches over the 6 days of Conference period.
A late fee of additional US$50.00 will be charged after the deadline for registration.
Institutions are urgently requested to send a list of participants to the host country.
Citizens holding valid passports from the following countries are permitted to stay in Costa Rica for 90 days without a visa:
Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France and Germany dependencies, Greece, Holland and dependencies, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Trinidad & Tobago, United Kingdom, United States of America, Czech Republic and Uruguay.
Citizens holding valid passports from the following countries are exempt from all visa requirements for stays of 30 days in Costa Rica, though once inside the country, they can apply for extension from the Immigration office, for an authorized period of stay of 90 days:
Antigua & Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Chile, Dominica, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Iceland, Ireland, Jamaica, Kenya, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Russia, Saint Kitts/Nevis, San Marino, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Suriname, Taiwan, Turkey, The Vatican, Venezuela, Estonia and Monaco.
Citizens of all countries not listed above are required a visa from a Costa Rican embassy or consulate before traveling.
Conference participants will be met at the Airport by a reception committee. It is important that delegates register as far in advance as possible, indicating by fax or E-mail the date of their arrival, flight number and airline and whether they will be accompanied.
A comprehensive programme of activities would be assembled for spouses including visits to the National Museum, the Gold Museum, the National Theater, the Irazu Volcano, the city of Sarchí (wooden handicrafts), the Lankester Orchid Garden and the Botanical Garden at CATIE. For those more prone to adventure, options to do water rafting or hiking on the volcanoes will also be offered.
Costa Rica extends majestically from the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean Sea, and its distance is barely 200 miles. Its land portion occupies only 20 thousand square miles.
If you travel throughout the provinces of Costa Rica, it’s easy to notice that in no other place you shall find fields with so many variations in their landscape and climate as here.
Costa Rica is one of most highly valued tourist destinations in this planet. This small piece of land includes all of the necessary components to satisfy the taste of thousands of travelers visiting each year.
Costa Rica’s territorial division includes 7 provinces, that is: San José, Alajuela, Cartago, Heredia, Guanacaste, Puntarenas and Limón. Together they offer an attractive tourist destination, of almost limitless possibilities, that include extended rainforests, volcanoes, rivers traveling through the mountains, beaches and natural resources safeguarded by an important organization of national parks and forest reserves.
In addition, Costa Rica is characterized by an impressive scenic beauty, consolidated system of protected areas, social and political stability, high educational levels, and efficient infrastructure and services. All these characteristics you can find in a territory of only 51 thousand square kilometers, surrounded by both the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, only three to four hours away from each other by land or 45 minutes by air.
The country's strategic position, in the heart of the western hemisphere, the Government's positive attitude towards foreign investment, its infrastructure, access to international markets, and labor quality and cost, make Costa Rica an ideal place to establish commercial operations.
The Ticos, as Costa Ricans are commonly known, are a mixing of races. Though most of the country’s almost four million inhabitants descend from Spanish immigrants, many families originated in other parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and, indeed, Central America.
You may be surprised by the number of fair-skinned people you’ll see in the country, especially in the Central Valley.
In the lowlands, more people are mestizos -that is a mixture of European and Indigenous blood whereas most along the Caribbean coast belong to an African lineage, and much of the Talamanca Mountain Range is inhabited by full-blooded Indians of various tribes.
Languages are Spanish (Official) and English, normally spoken in hotels and restaurants around the country.
THE CITY AND THE REGION:
Costa Rica’s capital, San José, is set in the Central Valley. It’s an extended plain, guarded by majestic volcanoes and green hills, honoring the natural richness that exists throughout the national territory.
Founded in the second half of the sixteenth century, San José is nowadays a city where visitors of the entire world converge; metropolis full of interesting places faces and colors reflecting the history of a population.
Its architecture is diverse, as may be the people walking its streets. In the north sector of the city you can find the most refined samples of urban development of the early last century. There are many houses and buildings of European inspiration, built with a profound Costa Rican sense of style.
Among the most representative places of the city, we can mention the National Theater, Costa Rica’s pride, and historically, house to some of the best artists, national as well as foreign.
Inaugurated in 1897, fruit of the determination of merchants, intellectuals and politicians, who were able to identify the importance an opera house could have, to present the best artistic productions in the world.
Nonetheless, a list of world class museums, parks, hotels, theaters and historic buildings, are some other options to be discovered by the thousands of tourists visiting San José yearly. You may also find very good malls for your shopping pleasure.
Once in the city, visitors may choose among dozens of one-day tours to the most outstanding natural places, inside and out of the Central Valley, as well as having access to a great variety of sports adventures and activities for exploring.
ARTS AND CRAFTS:
Costa Rica is known for its leather and wooden handicrafts. Typical ox drawn carts or “carretas” are available in all sizes and colours. Leather goods, such as wallets, belts and decorative wall hangings, are available in most souvenir stores. Many handicrafts made out of fine tropical woods are also popular gift items. You can find a wide variety of authentic handcrafted gifts such as puzzle boxes, replicas, cigar boxes, toys, home decor, religious items and much, much more. We have over 400 original designs. Most of the products are hand crafted from precious woods: rosewood, guapinol, cristobal, purple heart, ron ron , among others. Also available are beautiful products from certified cultivated woods like teca, melina and caribbean pine.
HERITAGE AND CULTURE:
Costa Rican culture is in many ways a reflection of its racial diversity. The predominant influence has long been European, which is reflected in everything from the official language -- Spanish -- to the architecture of the country’s churches and other historic buildings. The indigenous influence is less visible, but can be found in everything from the tortillas that make part of a typical Costa Rican meal, to the handmade ceramics sold at roadside stands.
An important aspect of Costa Rica’s cultural legacy is their love for peace and democracy. The Ticos like to stand out that their nation is the exception in Latin America, where military dictatorships have long dominated politics.
They take pride in having more than one hundred years of democratic tradition, and almost half a century without an army. The army was abolished in 1948, and the money the country saves by not expending in military issues is invested in improving the Costa Ricans’ standard of living, which has fostered a culture of social peace that makes it such a pleasant place to visit.
A wide range of hotel accommodation is available.
Special room rates have been obtained for all participants of the conference as well as the INGENIC Workshop and INCOPED Seminar at the Conference venue: HOTEL RAMADA PLAZA HERRADURA, GOLF AND CONFERENCE CENTER, SAN JOSE.
The rates include American Breakfast and transportation to and from Juan Santamaria International Airport, 5 minutes away.
Costa Rican cuisine is simple but heavy on oil and some spices. Comida tipica or native dishes, rely heavily on rice and beans, the basis of many Costa Rican meals. Home-style cooking predominates. But meals are generally wholesome and reasonably priced. Gallo Pinto, the national dish of fried rice and black beans is particularly served as a breakfast. Notable is the famed Rice n' Beans of the Caribbean, a Gallo Pinto made in coconut milk, worth trying. Many meals are derivatives, including arroz con pollo or arroz con atun. At lunch Gallo Pinto becomes Casado : rice and beans supplemented with cabbage and tomato salad, fried plantains, and meat. Vegetables do not form a large part of the diet. Costa Rica home cuisine has an inordinately amount of fried foods so keep that in mind when you receive and invitation for dinner.
Food staples include beef, chicken, fish and despite of the 1.000+ kilometers of coastline, seafood like shrimp or lobster, is expensive because Costa Rica exports most of its seafood.
Travelers with low budget should stick with the casado on lunch time menus, or 'plato del dia' which is a close cousin of the casado with a common denominator of low price and varied ingredients.
Eating in Costa Rica doesn't present the health problems that plague the unwary traveler elsewhere in Central America, but you need to be aware that some of the pesticides used in Costa Rica are forbidden elsewhere. Something I should say is that you may eat where the locals eat, usually that means tasty and trustworthy food. Beware of black beans and chicharrones, which might prove to be too much for some foreign stomachs.
Costa Rica produces cocoa, coffee, pineapples, bananas, sugar, corn, rice, beans, potatoes, ornamentals, beef and timber.
Cacao crop was a traditional farming activity and an important source of employment and foreign exchange in Costa Rica since the colonial times. By 1973, there were 20,213 ha of cacao under cultivation mainly concentrated in the Atlantic region. Since that year, the cacao area increased by approximately 750 ha yr-1, however, the arrival of Moniliasis disease in 1978 arrested this progress. Due to this problem, cacao production in Costa Rica declined by 72% and dry cacao bean exports decreased by 96% in five years. Costa Rican cacao production is currently inferior to 1,000 MT and the crop is scattered cultivated by small farmers in different areas along the Atlantic Coast, the Northern and Southern regions and the Central Pacific. In spite of this situation, there is a great potential for cacao production in Costa Rica where only 10% of its domestic necessities are internally fulfill, more and more farmers are interested in the crop and appropriate areas and technical support are currently available.
Cacao research however is a strong activity, led by CATIE (Tropical Agriculture Research and Higher Education Center), a regional institute of agronomy and natural resource management with headquarters in Turrialba, 90 minutes from San José. CATIE possesses an excellent cacao collection and a wide range of ongoing cacao research activities with includes issues of molecular genetics, breeding, biological control of pests, plantation management, organic cacao production, biodiversity and carbon sequestration in cacao fields, etc. Joint partnership with USDA, World Cacao Foundation, CABI and other institutions constitutes the engine of cacao research at CATIE.
CLIMATE AND CLOTHING:
Daily temperatures range from roughly 70-80° F (22-26°C) during the month of October. This is Costa Rica’s rainy season, so there is a chance of rain every day. Thundershowers are not uncommon. Light clothing is recommended for during the day, but a light jacket or sweater is usually necessary in the evening. Umbrellas or light raincoats or ponchos are definitely recommended.
Taxis are available at the airport for transport to your hotel. We recommend that you use the orange Taxis Unidos vehicles and that you agree upon the cost of the trip before you enter the taxi. Public bus services are also available in and around San José, but you must know the route to be taken.
EXCHANGE AND BANKING SERVICE:
The exchange rate is adjusted daily. You can change money inside the airport or at hotels or banks. Banking hours are generally from 8:30 a.m. until 4:00 p.m. There are also ATM machines available in various locations. It is not safe to change money on the streets.
Participants should feel free to ask for further information about the conference from the Secretariat in the host country. For information on Ghana, please contact
National Organising Committee
For other related information, please contact The Secretary General of CPA in Lagos, Nigeria.
The 5th INGENIC Workshop and the INCOPED Seminar will be held at the WORKSHOP & Conference Venue on the 16th and 17th October 2006. 5th INCOPED SEMINAR
The INGENIC Board is happy to announce the organization of its fifth workshop dedicated to “Cocoa Breeding for Farmers’ Needs”.
The workshop topics are:
We invite you to send in proposals for research papers, on methodology, reviews, discussion papers and suggestions for collaborative activities on these or related subjects. Abstracts of papers should be sent to the INGENIC secretariat, with copy to the INGENIC chairman, before 30 June 2006. Full papers need to be presented at the workshop in electronic format and as hard copy. The format of the papers should follow the style adopted in the INGENIC workshop proceedings.
Pre-registration for the workshop is to be done by providing your name, affiliation and e-mail address to the INGENIC secretariat before 31 July 2006. You will then receive more detailed information on workshop and hotel arrangements by 31 August. Payment of the registration fee (100 US$) is to be done in cash or with personal cheques at the workshop registration desk on 15 October.
Chairman of INGENIC
INCOPED 5TH International Seminar
“Developing Effective Sustainable Crop Protection Systems for Increased Cocoa production”
SCOPE OF THEME:
Pests and diseases are the most important driving forces in the THEME: economic cultivation of cocoa worldwide, and virtually, every cocoa producing country has to deal with one or more pests and/or disease problem. This was amply evident at the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference and INCOPED 4th International Seminar held in Accra, Ghana in October 2003 and the follow up Scientific Research meetings of various stakeholders in Ilheus, Brazil. The possibility of doubling production on farms clearly exists and has been sufficiently demonstrated in experiments in research institutions. However, securing the crop to harvest, at farm level, remains the main constraint. Generating new strategies or improving on those existing, and the transfer of these technologies to farmers for effective management of the myriad of pests and diseases affecting the cocoa tree, within the context of sustainable and efficient production of good quality cocoa should engage the attention of all stakeholders in the cocoa industry.
The theme to be discussed at this INCOPED 5th International Seminar aims at synthesizing, sharing and disseminating the latest findings in cocoa pests and diseases management to increase cocoa production on a sustainable basis.
Abstracts of papers to be sent to the Chairman, National Organising Committee with copy to the Acting Chairman of INCOPED before 30 June 2006; full papers to be presented at the Seminar. Also, please make available at the venue, a hard copy and e-copy (on diskette/ compact diskette) for publishing in the Proceedings.
DATE & VENUE
16th and 17th October, 2006; San Jose, Costa Rica (following the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference)
Chairman of the National Organising Committee
Acting Chairman of INCOPED (Andrews Y. Akrofi)
A new study group, named INAFORESTA, has been created by MARS, ICRAF, IITA and CATIE to analyze and improve the relationships between cocoa, trees and forests.
A web page for INAFORESTA has been developed to serve as a depository of existing technical and scientific information on cocoa agroforestry in Africa, Latin America and Asia and to facilitate the exchange of this information to researchers, project managers, donors and governments working in cocoa.
The INAFORESTA initiative will be presented during the forthcoming 15th ICRC in Costa Rica, followed by a two days Cocoa Agroforestry Symposium (CATIE’s headquarters in Turrialba, Costa Rica between 15-16 October 2006) to both evaluate the state of the art in cocoa agroforestry and define short and medium term plans for the group.
Researchers, project managers, donors and government officials interested in cocoa agroforestry are invited to joint INAFORESTA.
Eduardo Somarriba, CATIE, firstname.lastname@example.org
© Copyright 2006, Cocoa Producers' Alliance